Rustam Makhmudov


Rustam Makhmudov

Leading Researcher at the Laboratory of Anthropology and Conflictology

Center for Anthropology And Conflictology


Rustam Makhmudov (Uzbekistan), Leading Researcher at the Laboratory of Anthropology and Conflictology of the Institute for Advanced International Studies (IPMI), Associate Professor at the University of World Economy and Diplomacy (UWED). In this capacity, Rustam Makhmudov is responsible for preparing analytical materials, articles and scientific research on various aspects of socio-political anthropology, ethnology and conflictology related to the situation in Central Asia and Afghanistan. Rustam Makhmudov also lectures on "Digital Aspects of World Politics" and "Strategic Culture" at the UWED. Prior to joining IPMI, Rustam Mahmudov worked in various positions at the Tashkent State University of Oriental Studies, the Institute for Strategic and Regional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and the Center for Political Studies. He is the author of over 200 articles on regional and global politics and security, economics, energy and technological geopolitics.





Afghanistan: Contemporary developments & alternative perspectives

This annual flagship report, including 13 policy briefs, offers an alternative glimpse at the events and developments in and around Afghanistan, prioritizing timely and significant thematic and regional approaches. Obviously, the Taliban’s rapid surge into power in August 2021 and the subsequent measures to solidify their position reshaped relations with Afghanistan’s neighbours.

Thematic analyses cover critical issues such as terrorism and extremism, humanitarian crises, transnational crime, as well as political and social problems stemming from Afghanistan. Additionally, sporadic efforts by the Taliban government to regulate the country’s economic situation are deeply analysed. The report also explores Afghanistan’s role as a centre for transport communications between its immediate and extended neighbours.

Policy briefs highlight emerging concerns such as transboundary water issues and border conflicts between Afghanistan and its neighbours. Furthermore, the report underscores Afghanistan’s growing importance for Central Asian Republics (CAR) as an alternative transportation corridor diversifying away from traditional partners. Several papers assess CAR’s pragmatic foreign policy towards Afghanistan amid a challenging international environment where varying approaches to establishing formal relations with the Taliban prevail.

Overall, the report presents ideas in an orthodox yet easily understandable manner, with historical events laid out chronologically to aid in understanding the contemporary developments.

Download the report