Afghanistan’s unique geographical position allows the country to be a link between Central and South Asia and the Middle East. However, for the last twenty years, during Hamid Karzai and Ashraf Ghani’s reign such potential was not actually realised. This was largely seen as a consequence of the increasing year-on-year instability caused by the insurgent and terrorist activities of the Taliban and ISIS-Khorasan. It, thus, increased investment risks and threats related to the safety of cargo and the safety of personnel. At the same time, the Taliban’s take over the country in August 2021 and the cessation of large-scale hostilities in the country created the prerequisites for considering all the factors pros and cons of the likelihood of realising the transit potential of Afghanistan at a practical level.